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What you should know about voter rights for the 2022 election

Pennsylvania's primary is on May 17.

  • By Maria Pulcinella and Nick Kariuki/ WHYY
County election directors have to begin preparing poll workers and ballots without essential knowledge.

Amanda Berg / For Spotlight PA

County election directors have to begin preparing poll workers and ballots without essential knowledge.

Before you cast your ballot in Pennsylvania’s primary election, here’s what you should know about voting rights:

Pennsylvania voter rights

As a voter in Pennsylvania, you have the right to:

  • Vote if you are a U.S. citizen, Pennsylvania resident, at least 18 years of age, and properly registered to vote.
  • Vote privately and free from coercion, intimidation or harassment ​when voting by mail or at a polling place. Campaigning of any kind and the distribution of buttons, flyers, or other partisan literature are strictly prohibited inside the polling place.
  • Request help from anyone you choose if needed to vote due to a disability or limited English proficiency; however, the person assisting cannot be your employer, union representative, or a judge of elections.
  • Ask election officials about voting procedures. Rules and resources are in place to ensure every eligible voter can cast a ballot privately and independently.
  • Cast a provisional ballot if, for any reason, you are unable to use the voting system. Provisional ballots are a fail-safe option to ensure no voter is disenfranchised. All ballots are counted following verification that the voter was properly registered.

Certain counties are also required to provide language assistance for those who need it. Berks, Lehigh, and Philadelphia counties should have voting materials and assistance in Spanish, while Philadelphia County should offer the same in Chinese. If you need assistance, let a poll worker know.

Anyone who experiences issues in the voting process is urged to contact their county election officials.

Election worker Khalid Battle reads a book as he waits for voters to cast their ballots in Pennsylvania primary election at Memorial Gospel Crusades Church, Tuesday, April 24, 2012, in Philadelphia. Voters in New York, Connecticut, Delaware, Rhode Island and Pennsylvania were heading to the polls on Tuesday for primary elections. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke)

Understanding voter laws

There are several laws in place to help ensure that people with disabilities have the equal rights and protections to vote as others.

The Voting Rights Act (VRA) says that states can’t apply different standards to different people when deciding who is and who isn’t allowed to vote. Under the VRA, states cannot make you pass a test in order to vote. Historically, literacy tests were used in order to discriminate against voters based on their race.

Under The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), state and local governments cannot discriminate against people with disabilities in the “services, programs, and activities” they run. That includes elections and “all aspects of voting,” per the U.S. Department of Justice.

The ADA also requires the government to make “reasonable modifications” to their usual way of doing things if those changes allow someone with a disability to vote. For example, people with disabilities may be able to bring a helper with them into the voting booth even if that is normally not allowed. Or a state hospital might have to help a person get an absentee ballot, or change their policy to allow a patient to leave to go vote, if they are normally not allowed to leave.

Local governments cannot make a person with a disability do more before they can vote than a person without a disability.

Additionally, state and local government workers — whether at a hospital, group home, homeless shelter, or nursing home — are not allowed to tell people they can’t register to vote.

The Help America Vote Act (HAVA) says that all polling places must be accessible to voters with disabilities. HAVA also says you have the right to vote via a provisional ballot if your ability to vote is questioned.

People with disabilities have the same rights to “privacy and independence” as everyone else. Under HAVA, you can’t be forced to accept help with voting that you don’t want.

Voter registration restrictions

Restricting who can vote, whether by requiring documents to prove citizenship or limiting the window of time voters can register, is one of the most common forms of voter suppression, according to the American Civil Liberties Union.

In Pennsylvania, you must be at least 18 years old on or before Election Day and a county resident for at least 30 days before the election. You cannot vote if you are currently serving a prison sentence as the result of a conviction.

The deadline for Pennsylvanians to register to vote for the primary election is Monday, May 2.

A sign outside the Mount Joy Borough Offices directs voters on Nov. 3, 2020.

Kate Landis / WITF

A sign outside the Mount Joy Borough Offices directs voters on Nov. 3, 2020.

Voter identification

In Pennsylvania, if you’re voting for the first time at your polling location, you need to bring a photo ID with you. If you go to your polling place without an approved form of ID, you can vote using a provisional ballot. Your vote will count if election officials determine that you are eligible to vote.

If you have voted at your polling location before, no photo ID is necessary.

Matt Rourke / AP Photo

An election worker helps a voter in to booth at a polling place located in the Museum of the American Revolution in Philadelphia, Tuesday, Nov. 2, 2021.

Voter intimidation & misinformation

It remains illegal to intimidate, threaten, or coerce voters. This could appear in the form of aggressively questioning voters about their qualifications to vote, interfering with someone’s right to vote, falsely representing oneself as an elections official, or spreading misinformation about voter requirements.

What if I have a problem?

For help with voting-related issues or to report a problem on Election Day, you can call one of these nonpartisan voter hotlines.

  • English: 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683)
  • Spanish: 1-888-VE-Y-VOTA (1-888-839-8682)
  • Arabic: 1-844-YALLA-US (1-844-925-5287)
  • Bengali, Cantonese, Hindi, Urdu, Korean, Mandarin, Tagalog, or Vietnamese: 1-888-API-VOTE (1-888-274-8683)

Voters can also report intimidation or other election issues to their local election officials by calling 1-877-VOTESPA (1-877-868-3772).

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