Pennsylvania counties must have voting machines featuring voter-verifiable, individually audit-able paper ballots in place no later than the presidential primary April 28, 2020, as per the settlement to a lawsuit over the state's election system filed after the 2016 election.
Map by Tom Downing/WITF, database by Emily Previti/PA Post
Emily is a reporter for WITF who’s been covering voting and elections since July 2019 as part of her former role with statehouse accountability news organization PA Post. She was the senior reporter for statewide public media collaboration Keystone Crossroads. Previously, she covered city hall for PennLive/The Patriot-News (Harrisburg, Pa.), was a watchdog and city hall reporter at The Press of Atlantic City and reported for the Northwest Herald. She is a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania.
“We unnecessarily disadvantage voters by eliminating the option to push a single button to vote for the entire ticket for whatever party of your choice,” Street said. “We do that at a time when we will be … rolling out new voting machines, a time when we tend to have more voter enthusiasm during presidential elections. This will likely lead in many polling places to enhanced confusion, longer lines and voter frustration.”
On top of that, county elections offices will have more work to do administering the bill’s no-excuse absentee voting and later deadlines for mailed ballots and voter registration – provisions supported by Street and other Democrats.
“This bill does not include every reform I’d like to see. I’d like to see same-day registration. I’ll keep fighting to allow independents to vote in the primary,” state Sen. Lisa Boscola, D-Lehigh/Northampton, the bill’s sponsor, said on Tuesday. “And while I’m disappointed that the bill doesn’t go as far as I would like, … modernizing our elections and making voting easier for people cannot be bad for our democracy.”
Some county election officials say same-day registration would be easier to manage than moving the deadline from a month out to 15 days as proposed by the bill.
Sen. Katie Muth, D-Berks/Chester/Montgomery, called for more funding to help counties with implementation. She also attempted to attach an amendment that would flip ballot design to place local races at the top as a way to counteract the tendency toward down-ballot dropoff. Without the straight-ticket option on ballots, critics say longer lines at the polls could frustrate voters, making it more likely that many will fail to fill out the complete ballot.
Muth also took issue with how the legislation developed.
“This bill has been fast-tracked and jammed through, when we’ve heard over and over that this has been a negotiated process,” she said.
But Senate Majority Leader Jake Corman, R-Centre/Mifflin/Juniata/Huntingdon, noted lawmakers have been debating most bill components for years.
“This is probably the most historic reform bill we’ve done — not only in my time, but in decades — modernizing our election process,” Corman said Tuesday.
Most of SB421 mirrors a prior measure, SB48, vetoed by the governor back in the summer. At the time, Wolf cited the elimination of straight-ticket voting as the key reason for his refusal to sign the bill. But last week Wolf agreed to support the bill in return for other reforms long sought by Democrats.
One element added this week is a $4 million appropriation for census outreach to encourage greater participation across the state.